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Kingdom of Alba
Rìoghachd na h-Alba (Scottish Gaelic)
889―1805
FlagAlba

Scandinavian Union flag.svg
 
FlagAlba.jpg
Influence

Location

Scotland

Status

Defunct

Demographics

Capital

Scone

Government

Monarchy

King

First: Domnall II
Last: Christian II

Established

889

The Kingdom of Alba (Scottish Gaelic: Rìoghachd na h-Alba) was a sovereign confederation of tribes that existed from the 9th century to 1805. Alba maintained all lands of Britannia north of the Hadrian Wall. It remained independent despite intermittent attempts to conquer it by the Roman Empire.

In 1714, with the death of Queen Anne of Alba, the Parliament of Alba passed an Act of Succession, passing the Scottish Crown to Danish King Frederick IV, decided upon as Anne was married to Prince George of Denmark, the King's uncle.

From then on, Alba remained in personal union with Denmark until 1805, when the Danish King of the time, Christian VII and II of Denmark and Alba, was overthrown and executed by Frihetskämpar during the Scandinavian Revolution. This resulted in the dissolution of both the Danish and Alban crowns. While Alba was subsequently incorporated into the Second Kalmar Union as a constituent country, the Free Republic of Alba, the absorption of Alba into the Union ended its existence as a fully independent state.

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